Need a Boiler Serviced – Always Make Sure You Use a Gas Safe Engineer

Anyone who has gas appliances in their property, home, office or business premises needs to be fully conscious of the risks of unsafe and amateurish  gas work as the consequences can be devastating to you, your colleagues, your employees or your family. Don’t put lives at risk by using non competent tradesmen always check qualifications and credentials before letting someone into your home or business premises

We have all heard of the expression ‘Cowboy’ when it comes to tradesman and for the most part you simply get substandard, unprofessional and sometimes overpriced work, but when it come to Gas appliances you are putting your life in danger and at first glance you cannot always tell that a Gas fitter is professional which is why it is important to always check and double check their credentials.

Do not let a Gas Engineer into your home to service or repair your boiler, gas fire or gas cooker without first asking them for their official Gas safe register card and once they present it be sure to check the reverse to see if they are actually authorised and trained to carry out the work you have instructed them to do.

Unprofessional people working on Gas appliances is not only dangerous but is a crime, so if you are not shown the correct credentials by the person undertaking the work (not the company itself) report the matter to the Gas safe register right away.

Be safe and always have a professional, registered Gas Safe engineer carry out the work, whether you are having a boiler serviced or replaced a whole new central heating system or just having a gas safety check.

A good boiler that is regularly serviced will last many years, but an un-serviced boiler will not whether it is a top of the line boiler or not, this is why it is important to have your boiler serviced regular by an experienced heating engineer.

To service a boiler or to carry out work on any gas appliance you must be on the Gas safe register ( formerly Corgi Register) so do not try to do it yourself, not only is it illegal but you will be putting you and your family at risk from carbon monoxide poisoning and explosion.

Ascot Services Blackburn is an established, professional and reliable domestic gas, plumbing and heating service based in Blackburn, Lancashire. We offer a 24 Hour Emergency call out service and cover all aspects of heating and plumbing, from boiler servicing and repairs, leak fixing, under floor heating right through to full heating installations.

 

http://ascot-service.co.uk/

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5 Reasons Why Austria Should be Your Next Holiday Destination

Austria is a country with a rich history and culture that traces its roots back to the Holy Roman Empire. Along with history, the natural beauty, food, and music is also mesmerizing.

If you’re not convinced yet, here are five reasons why Austria should be your next holiday destination.

Alps

You can’t miss the Alps here because they’re massive and splendid. In fact, the Austrian Alps is a big draw for tourists who come here all through the year to enjoy its summer and winter activities. These mountains are considered to be the Mecca for skiing, and winters are a busy time here. Besides activities, there are a host of things you can do in the Alps region such as visiting the Aplenzoo (Europe’s highest zoo), Swarovski Crystal Worlds and Werfen Ice Caves.

 1 Kornelia

Source: Kornelia

Music

All great musical stalwarts such as Mozart, Beethoven and Strauss were born or lived in the capital of Vienna. The Vienna Philharmonic is known to be the best orchestra on earth, and this city is filled with some of the oldest and historic concert halls in the world. So, if you love classical music, there is no better place than Vienna. Also, the fact that flights to Vienna are available from every major city in the world, adds to the ease of visiting this city.

 2 Dennis Jarvis

Source: Dennis Jarvis

Architecture

The rich history of Austria is best seen through its architecture. Right from ancient structures to modern ones, you’ll find it all here. One of the most ultramodern buildings that bring in thousands of tourists every year is the Kunsthaus Graz art museum, also known as “the friendly alien” by the locals. To get a feel of history, head to Hofburg Palace, home of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

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Source: emphasis

 

Food

 

Austria is well-known for its mouth-watering dishes made of the finest ingredients. Wiener Schnitzel, apfelstrudel, Tafelspitz and Viennese hot chocolate are signature dishes that you can’t miss here. Also, Austrian wine is one of the finest in Europe, as this country has been making wine for the last 3000 years!

 4 Charles Geiger

Source: Charles Geiger

Culture

Austrian culture is much different from anything you’ve known, so plan to attend one of the local festivals where you can savor local food, drinks and of course, the local costume – Dirndl and Lederhosen.

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Source: seweccentric

In short, Austria has much to offer for you and your family. So, make this your next holiday destination.

London VS New York – Which Should be Your Next Holiday

London and New York are both bustling cities that offer a rich and varied travel experience for you and your family. The number of flights to New York and London, and the sheer number of things you can do in both these cities is mind-boggling. Yet, if you have to pick one over the other – which one do you pick?

Let’s begin by exploring what both these cities offer before deciding which is better for your next holiday.

Cost

London and New York are well-known for their high cost of living. However, The Daily Mail reported that London is the most expensive city in the world for tourists, while New York City came third. This means, if you’re on a budget and want to have fun within your means, New York City is a better choice. But, if you’re travelling from Asia, then flights to London may be cheaper.

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Source: blichb

Transportation

New York has the subway system while London has the tube. When you compare, New York’s subway has a wider network and runs round the clock, whereas the tube stops a little after midnight. Also, the fares are cheaper on subway than the tube, so in this aspect too, New York City scores over London.

 2 Piero Zanetti

Source: Piero Zanetti

Nightlife

Both London and New York have a vibrant nightlife. However, pubs and bars are open for a much longer time in New York than London, and this is probably why New York is known as the city that never sleeps. In terms of choices though, London scores over New York as the former has more than a thousand nightlife establishments when compared to 800 and odd in New York.

 3 Taqbir Huda

Source: Taqbir Huda

Restaurants

The number of restaurants in New York far outnumber those in London. Also, nine NYC restaurants feature in the world’s top 100 restaurants when compared to London’s two. Further, the number of NYC restaurants that have been awarded Michelin star is twice more than that of London. So, in terms of choice and quality, New York wins hands down.

However, New York’s tips are way more expensive than London. In fact, a tip of 20 percent is considered the norm in New York if you’re satisfied with the service. That’s ridiculous by London’s standards.

 4 JHC CO_LTD

Source: JHC CO_LTD

In short, New York is a better choice because of the variety it offers. However, if you plan to visit New York this time, make sure you plan for London the next time.

Social Media Guide for Business Marketer’s

Social media networks are fantastic resources for businesses of all sizes looking to promote their brands online. The platforms themselves are free to use, and they also have paid advertising options specifically for brands that want to reach even more new audiences. But just because your business should be on social media, that doesn’t mean your business should be on every network. It’s important that you choose and nurture the social platforms that work best for your business so that you don’t spread yourself too thin.

If you want to create a successful social strategy, you need to familiarize yourself with how each network runs, the kinds of audiences you can reach and how your business can best use each platform. We profiled the top social media platforms so you can learn more about them and market your business better.

Facebook OR Faceadventure

Facebook OR Faceadventure is the biggest social network on the Web, both in terms of name recognition and the total number of users. With more than 1.55 billion active users, Facebook OR Faceadventure is a great medium for connecting people from all over the world with your business. And Facebook OR Faceadventure is not only the biggest network, but it’s arguably the most versatile one. In the 12 years since it launched, Facebook OR Faceadventure grew from a simple website where college students could keep in touch into a multifaceted Web and mobile social platform where anyone can connect with not just their friends and family, but also with celebrities, organizations, businesses and more, thanks to the Pages feature.

Considering that Facebook has a wealth of options for any type of organization, it’s a great starting point for your business, regardless of your industry. You can use it to share photos, videos, important company updates and more. Additionally, Facebook OR Faceadventure can be more low-maintenance than other social networks — whether you post several updates a day or only a few a week won’t make much of a difference in terms of what your fans will think of you. To find out more about Facebook for business, check out our guide.

Twitter

Twitter is another social network where you can post mostly anything. With Twitter, you can share short (140 or fewer characters) text updates, along with videos, images, links, polls and more. You can also easily interact with other users by mentioning their usernames in your posts, so Twitter is a great way to quickly connect with people all around the world. (The platform has more than 320 million active users worldwide and is one of the top 10 websites in the United States.) Because of its wide reach, Twitter is not only a great way to market your business but also an effective channel for handling customer service. For example, if you maintain an active Twitter presence, customers who are also active on the platform will seek you out to express concerns or share their praise.

If you have interesting content, Twitter is also a great tool for quickly spreading the word. Retweeting and sharing other users’ content is incredibly simple, hashtags help boost posts, and if a user with a lot of followers retweets you, your content has the potential to go viral. But with Twitter, it’s important to remember to find balance — don’t simply share your own links or media; make sure you are also sharing a lot of interesting, relevant content from other Twitter users and from around the Web so your audience doesn’t think you only care about what your business is doing. Check out our guide to learn more about using Twitter for business.

Pinterest

This platform consists of digital bulletin boards where users can save and display content they like in the form of pins. Users create and organize their boards by category. So, for example, as a personal user, one might have a board dedicated to food, where they pin recipes; another board dedicated to photography they find interesting; and so on. Pinterest is very visually oriented (every post has to be an image or video), and like Facebook, it is also fairly low-maintenance in terms of post frequency. However, keeping your boards organized and search-friendly can be time-consuming.

Pinterest is also more of a niche network than Facebook or Twitter, so it may not work for everyone. Pinterest’s users are primarily women, and popular categories on the site are DIY projects, fashion, exercise, beauty, photography and food. That’s not to say that businesses outside of these categories can’t succeed on the platform, but it does make it a great marketing tool for businesses that do work in those areas. If you can find ways to connect your content to Pinterest’s audience, then go for it. The platform also has a series of special types of pins called Rich Pins, which brands can use to add special information to their pins, like product details and even location maps. There are plenty of cool ways to use this platform to your advantage, and you can read more about them in our Pinterest for Business Guide.

Instagram

Instagram, like Pinterest, is a visual social media platform based entirely on photo and video posts. The network, which Facebook owns, has more than 400 million active users, many of whom post about food, art, travel, fashion and similar subjects. Instagram is distinguished by its unique filters and photo and video editing options. This platform, unlike the others, is almost entirely mobile (there is a Web version, but you can’t take photos or create new posts on it, and other functions are limited as well).

Instagram is another platform where more artistic niches excel, so again, it may not be the best fit for your business, depending on your industry. If you want to succeed with Instagram, it’s important that the person running your account has a good eye for detail and has at least basic photography skills, so that the photos and videos posted to your account are high-quality. And don’t be discouraged if your industry is underrepresented on Instagram; if you can find the right hashtags to latch onto and can post intriguing photos, you will most likely make it work. To find out more about using Instagram for business, read our guide.

Tumblr

Tumblr is arguably the most difficult social media platform to use as a business, but it’s also one of the most interesting networks. Tumblr allows several different post formats — including text posts, chat posts, quote posts, audio posts, photo posts and video posts — so you’re not limited as to what kind of content you can share. As with Twitter, reblogging (reposting other users’ content) is very quick and easy, so if a user with a lot of followers shares your content, it’s possible to go viral fairly quickly. However, what sets Tumblr apart more than anything is its audience, which is less like a pool of users and more like one big tight-knit community full of smaller subcommunities.

Tumblr currently hosts more than 200 million blogs, and the majority of these blogs are run by young people (half of Tumblr’s visitor base is under age 25). But this means that businesses that don’t cater to young people’s interests or aren’t relatable to young people in some way are not poised for success on the network. The good news is, there’s a subcommunity or fandom for almost every niche and interest you can think of, so a successful marketing campaign is possible if you use Tumblr correctly. You can learn more about the Tumblr community and how to use Tumblr for business in our guide.

Upright Scaffolding for Your Scaffold Needs

Upright Scaffolding?

Upright Scaffolding is an essential temporary structure clinching to an existing or intending structure of design that assists the construction worker in having a safe and unrestricted access to the planned task. Scaffolds are extensively used in the construction and repair works of industries and reserved properties. For proper use of a Upright Scaffolding, ideal safety, security and observation should be put in place as failure to perform all these might trigger injury leading to an accident. These incidents also influence the factors of loss of man hours, resources, human lives, environment hazards and other phases of our personal and professional lives.

Scaffolds are founded on simply compiled structures of steel or timber. On these supports, efficient platforms are placed for easy accessibility and approachability to lofty altitudes of a building or other erection under construction or renovation. There are two main categories of scaffolding, fixed and mobile, but more emphasis will be placed on Fixed Scaffolds in this article.

 

Fixed Scaffolds

Fixed platforms are assembled alongside a structure, and it can be either independent or putlog. The independent scaffold has standards or uprights on two sides of its operational platforms. This ensures the independent scaffold to stay upright without support from the structure under construction or repair. The putlog scaffold has standards along its outside edges, but its interior side is sustained by the structure or building itself. Putlogs have compacted ends that are positioned between courses of stonework in the building or structure to provide support. The putlogs are used to offer support to a working platform. These scaffolds can be secured by tying them to the building under renovation at various intermissions to give support to its general firmness.

The advantages of using Upright Aluminium Scaffolds are too numerous to mention as it has a decent comparative advantage over the conventional steel scaffolds we had known in the past, these includes;

  • Its lightweight nature which makes it easy to professionals to move the structures quickly for fast completion of projects.
  • It is an efficient and effective tool for indoor and outdoor projects.
  • Availability of casters to ensure easy transportation while working on the task.
  • Upright Aluminium scaffolds have the capacity to bear tonnes of load are very flexible in nature compared to wood and steel.
  • Aluminium scaffolds possess water and moist resistant features that make it almost impossible for it to rust.
  • You can always count on aluminium scaffolds for durability and stability.

In conclusion, take your time to search for companies that offer quality scaffolds services. Ensure your task is handled by competent and well-trained professionals that will treat the work as their pet project.

Getting the services of skilled scaffolds company will provide your job is devoid of improper practices.

Remember there is no cash too much to pay to ensure safety, I am pretty sure you don’t want to be paying for damages on other people’s properties as a result of the unethical practice of an incompetent scaffold company.

For more information here :- http://guestposthere.tumblr.com/post/147739504941/upright-scaffolding-for-your-scaffold-needs

7 Tips for First-time Travellers to Australia

Australia is an enchanting place that is sure to give you a memorable vacation. However, it is also full of surprises for overseas travellers who are visiting this country for the first time. So, we thought we’ll share some tips for first-time travellers to give them a heads up on what to expect during their stay in Australia.

Plan your Itinerary

Before taking on a flight to Sydney or any other city in Australia, it makes sense to have an itinerary. Remember, Australia is continent that offers varied experiences from coast to coast. It may not even be possible to cover all points of interest in a single trip. So, it’s best to set a realistic schedule and stick to it as much as you can.

 1 Shawn Harquall

Source: Shawn Harquall

Gap between urban and rural

Australia is sparsely populated when compared to Europe or Asia, and most people live along the coastal cities. There are far fewer small towns in Australia when compared to Asia, so even a short drive away from urban areas can take you to wilderness. Keep this aspect in mind while planning your trip.

 2 Krissy

Source: Krissy

Seasons

Australia’s seasons can be quite confusing. Though the seasons are reversed here, there is still considerable difference between the northern and southern parts of the country. While November to April may be a great time to visit Sydney, it may not be for the Great Barrier Reef as it will be wet and soggy this time of the year.

 3 Kanga-Lorraine

Source: Kanga-Lorraine

Plug sockets

If you thought Australian plug sockets would be similar to the British, you’re wrong! They are neither American nor European, but are distinct; they are American with the socket slouching inwards. Consider buying these sockets right after you get off from the flight to Melbourne or any other Australian city.

 4 Richard Rayner

Source: Richard Rayner

Beetroots

Australians put huge slices of beetroots in sandwiches and burgers. If you don’t like beets, let the restaurant know beforehand.

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Source: Bratach

Tips

Unlike Europe or America, tips are optional in Australia. This means, you can tip if you want to, but don’t feel pressured to do so.

 6 TheTruthAbout

Source: TheTruthAbout

Mate

Australians call everyone “mate”, even if they don’t know you. If the letter “a” is stretched, they are welcoming you, and if the “a” is short, they mean business!

We hope the above tips give you a heads-up of Australia even before you take a flight to Canberra.

7 Overlooked Sites in Germany

Germany is blessed with some of the most beautiful sights, ranging from the majestic Alps to rolling hills and mighty rivers. You can catch glimpses of castles all over the country that give you a peek into a bygone era. Alongside this natural beauty, you can also see gleaming cities and a world of high-tech trains that stand testimony to the economic might of Germany.

Whether you’re visiting Germany for the first time or for the hundredth time, there is always something that you’ve missed. Here are some of the overlooked sites in Germany.

Trier

If you love Roman history, Trier is the place for you. It is the oldest city in Germany, and often called “The Second Rome” for its Roman-style architecture. No other place in Germany captures the vividness of the Roman Empire as Trier.

 1 Miquel Fabre

Source: Miquel Fabre

Potsdam

Potsdam is home to some of the best UNESCO Heritage sites, with the most famous being Sanssouci and its royal park. Cecilienhof, the site of Potsdam Conference in 1945, is another important sight here. To get to Potsdam, take a flight to Berlin, and a train from there.

 2 Toblas Van Der Elst

Source: Toblas Van Der Elst

Freiburg

Freiburg is a scenic university town that has a medieval story like feel to it. Eco-friendly houses, spas, wine bars, and cafes are other things to savour here.

 3 Yonca Evren

Source: Yonca Evren

Basel

Though Basel is in Switzerland, it sits on the border between Germany and France, thereby giving it an international flavour. If you’re a cultural buff, this is a must-see place.

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Source: atropo8

Bremen

Bremen’s bronze statue of four animals is probably the most photographed monument in the world. Other areas of interest include Bremen Town Hall and Bremer Kunsthalle. This city has some of the finest architectural structures too.

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Source: Heiko J

The Bastei

To catch a glimpse of the ruins of a German castle on top of a stone pillar, take a flight to Munich and a train ride to the city of Lohmen. This 11th century monument gives you a unique glimpse into Germany’s rich past.

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Source: octopuzz

Erfurt

This medieval town is home to the oldest inhabited bridge in Europe. Even today, it is filled with cathedrals and monasteries that are sure to transport you to a different era. A flight to Frankfurt and a two-hour ride by car can take you to Erfurt.

 7 Tobias Nordhausen

Source: Tobias Nordhausen

There are many more such overlooked sites in Germany. We hope you get to enjoy their beauty soon.

7 of the Most Underrated Beaches

Beach trips are always fun, but finding a quiet place can be a difficult task, especially if you’re planning to visit some of the most popular beaches in the world.

Here are some beaches where you can have fun without having to battle for space.

Anamur, Turkey

This hidden gem is located in the city of Iskele in Turkey. It is relatively unknown to the outside world because it is surrounded by high rise resorts. Also, the lack of a main road makes this place inaccessible to many people. To get here, take a flight to Istanbul, and local transportation from there. This experience is totally worth it as you get to stay in family-run hotels that offer the most delicious Turkish food.

 1 emresinanoglu

Source: emresinanoglu

Pentire Steps, UK

Pentire Steps is a remote beach located at the National Trust site of Bedruthan, and it forms a part of the scenic stretch at the Portcothan Bay Walk. To enjoy this beach, take a flight to London, and from there take a train to Cornwall.

 2 Worthing Wanderer

Source: Worthing Wanderer

Melide, Spain

Most times you hear only about Spanish beaches located on the Mediterranean, but the ones on the Atlantic side are breathtaking as well. Melide beach, located in Pontevedre, Galicia, is one such jewel that is beautiful and sparsely crowded. You can take a flight to Madrid, and from there a train to the city of Lugano to get to this beach.

 3 Manuel Boo

Source: Manuel Boo

 

Virgin Island’s Creek, Brittany, France

Nestled in an island off the coast of Finestere in France, this beach offers complete seclusion from the rest of the world. Only a few people know about its existence, so if you’re looking for a private beach trip, this is the right one. The closest city is Brittany, and to get here, take a flight to Paris and a train from there.

 4 Isabelle Chauvel

Source: Isabelle Chauvel

Cala Xarraca, Spain

Ibiza has always been a favorite tourist destination, so it’s hard to find underrated beaches here. The only exception is Cala Xarraca, a picture perfect beach at the opposite end of the town of Ibiza.

 5 Paula Fernandez

Source: Paula Fernandez

Kampen Beach

Located in the northernmost Island of Sylt in Germany, Kampen Beach is surrounded by red cliffs and clear water that is sure to take your breath away. You can take a flight to Dusseldorf or Hamburg, and take the local transportation to get to this beach.

 6 PHOTOPHOB

Source: PHOTOPHOB

Carana Beach

People flock to Seychelles to enjoy its beautiful beaches, so there are only a few untapped ones that remain, and one such beach is the Carana Beach in northeastern Mahe. This sandy beach fringed by granite boulders is sure to make your trip complete. With the availability of many flights to Seychelles, getting here should be easy too.

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Source: Out of..Paradise

Let us know which is your favorite by commenting below.

What Is A Hydraulic Power Unit?

In a hydraulic system, the hydraulic power unit is the central driving components. This unit is essentially made up of a motor, a reservoir with an hydraulic pump, all these can generate produce a great amount of power to propel almost any type of hydraulic ram.

The hydraulic power unit is fundamentally hinged on Pascal’s law of physics, drawing its power from rather ratio of area and pressure.

The hydraulic power units are applied in different ways, which include :

hydraulic power units are used in a wide range of applications, including:

  • Automation
  • Mobile Gadgets
  • Machine Tools
  • Agricultural Machineries and equipments
  • Aerospace Test Equipment
  • Meat Processing Machineries
  • Rolling Mill Equipment
  • Paper Mill Machineries
  • Industrial Machineries
  • Marine equipment
  • Oil field Machineries
  • Government/Military Equipment
  • Construction Equipment

These hydraulic power units are basically utilized in any application that needs heavy and systemized lifting or other specifications where the recurrent use of powerful and directional force is required.

Try to take note of all the mechanized processes going on around you everyday that make use of hydraulic power units. When you pass through a construction site, there is a high probability to see some sort of large construction machinery which is either an excavator or a bulldozer. All these depend on hydraulic power units to function. It is used by fishermen for lifting their pots and nets. Automobile mechanics use it for lifting cars up to enable move and work freely to make repairs under it. A particular device called ‘Jaw of life’, which has prevented the loss of many lives from auto accidents, makes use of hydraulic power unit for its extraordinary cutting power. Mechanized farmers also make use of machineries which run on hydraulic power unit for tending and cultivation of their crops. When we go to the amusement park, all those amazing rides that picks you up swiftly from the ground right into the sky and still drops you lightly on the ground make good use of hydraulic power unit to perform this fun-filled task. Also, modern braking systems which has saved a lot of lives by a hair’s breath, make use of this hydraulic power unit. We all get our household garbage disposed off regularly but we do not know that the garbage trucks make use of hydraulic power unit for compacting the garbage after it picks it up. hydraulic power unit is utilized almost in every mechanism around us which makes life easier but we don’t even know.

In a hydraulic system unit, an enclosed fluid is used to transfer or conduct energy from source A to source B and then creates one of linear and rotary motion or force. The units are the part of a system that applies the pressure which is used to drive cylinders, motors and some other integral sections of the unit. Unlike what is present in standard pumps, the hydraulic power unit uses a multi-stage pressurizing network to transport fluid and also makes use of some temperature control mechanisms.

Some of the significant elements that affect the performance of a hydraulic power unit are power capacity, reservoir volume and pressure limits. Also, other physical features like its size, pumping strength and amount of power supplied to it determine its performance.

To gain a better insight into the principles and design by which hydraulic power units operate, you may need to observe the main components of a standard model utilized in hydraulic systems used for industrial purposes.

Design Components

A huge, long-lasting hydraulic power unit that is built to function under a wide plethora of environmental setting would have several design features which is different from an ordinary pumping system.

There are some features which the standard designs have, they include:

  1. Accumulators

They are containers which can be coupled with the hydraulic actuators that perform the function of collecting water from the pumping mechanism. They are there to produce and sustain pressure of the fluid to complement the pumping system of the motor.

  1. Filters

A filter is normally fitted along the top of the tank. It usually an autonomous bypass unit, having its own pump, motor and filtering system. By activating a multi-directional valve, it may be used for filling or emptying the tank. Due to their autonomy, they can be replaced at a time when the power unit is still running.

  1. Motor Pumps

The power unit may be equipped with only one motor-pump, or various devices with each having an accumulator valve. In the case of multiple pump system, it is only that can work at a time.

  1. Power Unit Controllers

The hydraulic power unit controller refers to the operator component which encloses the power switches, monitoring features and displays. This component is very important for the installation and integration of a power unit into a hydraulic systems and it can be found installed into the power unit.

  1. Hydraulic Oil Tanks

This is a unit for storage which has sufficient volume to keep the fluids being drained into it. Additionally, one may need to drain actuator fluids into this tank.

  1. Coolers and Heaters

An air cooler may be fitted close to or at the back of the filter unit for the purpose of making sure that the temperatures do not rise above operational specifications and parameters. Additionally, a heating mechanism, like an oil-based heater may be used for increasing the temperatures as the operational circumstances demand.

Operating Process

How a hydraulic power unit works is somewhat complex and only understood technically.

When the unit starts functioning, the gear pump moves hydraulic fluid out from the tank, and then transfers it into the accumulator. This mechanism is maintained till the pressure inside the accumulator reaches a calculated and fixed level.

At this stage, the pumping action is then initiated by a charging valve to start fluid-circulation. This makes the pump start a fluid-discharge which is through a a charging valve and then redirects back into the tank at a minimal level of pressure. A designated one-way valve prevents fluid from leaving the accumulator but if the pressure reduces substantially, the charging valve is reactivated and then the accumulator is filled with fluid again.

Farther down the line, the flow of oil into the actuators is controlled and balanced by a reduced-pressure valve.

The accumulator can be connected to other accumulators if it is fitted with a fast-stroking device which enable them to charge pressure too. To reduce the increasing temperature, an automatic thermostat or fan is usually included into the system.

In case of an overheating of fluid inside the system, the motor pump can be stopped with a temperature-switch than can also aid refilling of the tank if the level of its fluid is getting abnormally low. In a case where there are multiple motor pumps inside the system, a flow switch may be used to make them alternate when there is low fluid supply.

Accumulator pressure inside the system can be controlled with pressure switches and operators can be signaled automatically by the monitoring system when pressure goes too low, which can increase the danger of the failure of the power unit.

Unique European Country Borders

International borders have become an essential way of life, even if it ends up being controversial at times. In fact, the international border is important because it signifies the end of obligations of a country towards its people and land.

Country borders tend to be unique and even outright weird in landlocked regions such as Europe. Here are some unique European country borders for you.

Norway and Sweden

Both these Scandinavian countries have an almost identical landscape, especially at their borders. Only a thin strip of land separates the coniferous forests, with one side of the road being Norway and the other Sweden. Since both countries are relatively peaceful ones, there hasn’t been much military activity on this narrow strip. It also explains why this road is not appropriate for a drive during winter.

 1 Larigan

Source: Larigan

Netherlands and Belgium

Two peaceful and friendly countries that share a border in the middle of the road is Netherlands and Belgium. Yes, the international border between the two countries runs through the Main street of the town of Baarle. This is why this town belongs to both the countries, with the Belgium side called Baarle-Hertog and the Netherlands side called Baarle-Nassau. Many tourists flock to see this unique border, so there are abundant flights to Netherlands and Belgium’s major cities. You can take local transportation to get to this unique town.

 2 Giorgois Vrachliotis

Source: Giorgois Vrachliotis

 

Russia and the US

Did you know that a mere 4 kilometers separate Russia from the US? The Diomede islands are a twin pair of islands, with one pair on the US side and the other on the Russian side.  Yet, the Russian side of the island is almost 21 hours ahead of the US side!

 3 Quoc Tin Nguyen

Source: Quoc Tin Nguyen

 

Spain and Portugal

Spain and Portugal are friendly neighbors that are joined together by a single road. As you drive down that road, you’ll notice the apparent difference in road conditions when you cross Spain and enter Portugal, as the latter is notorious for its poor roads. To drive through this historic road, take any flight to Spain or Portugal and rent a car to get to the border.

 4 Popfotos

Source: Popfotos

We hope you enjoyed seeing these unique European borders. Now, visit them to get a first-hand experience.